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Why Glass? - Redefine Glass Art: The Must Know 12 Glass Artists

We have faith that glass possesses the ability to convey our thoughts and emotions on life. - Chang Yi 

We believe in art because art is interlaced with our very beings. Whether it is an idea, an emotion or a person, it serves as a statement on the universe and life.

Is LIULI art? Can it be art? Just as the validity of oil painting is never questioned yet the validity of a simple drawing is, we feel that this type of question misses the point. Our only concern is whether or not glass art is the art of the people. Does it reflect our thoughts in this world? If not, then all glass creations are mere indulgences of technique.

LIULIGONGFANG's CEO, Chang Yi, also the curator of Why Glass? exhibition, through the years of glass art collection. He redefines the meaning of glass art and introduce the twelve remarkable glass artist which influence the technique and the culture of glass art.


Emile Galle
1846-1904, French

French artist who worked in glass, and considered to be one of the major forces in the French Art Nouveau movement.

Francois Decorchemont
1880-1971, French

Developed a new techniques in stained glass, particularly in the use of crystal to give multicolored and faceted panes.

Kyohei Fujita
1921-2004, Japan

Best known for his glass boxes with complicated surface decorations.

Antoine Leperlier
1953-, French

He learned the technique of pate de verre from his grandfather, Francois Decorchement. In 1981, he was awarded the Foundation de France award. 

Chang Yi
1951-, Taiwan

Chang's traditional craft art with distinctive and insightful views on People, Life and Culture.

Loretta H.S.  Yang
1952-, Taiwan

Yang created sculptured works in glass which are richly imbued with a traditional Chinese artistic and human philosophy.
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Steven Weinberg
1954-, USA

Weinberg focuses on the optical, transparent, and reflective qualities of glass in his solid, kiln-cast sculptures.

Toots Zynsky
1951-, USA

Toots Zynsky is known for her distinctive “filet de verre” technique that fuses threads of glass to achieve unmatched explorations of color.

Paul Stankard
1943-, USA

Considered the father of modern glass paperweights. He integrated mysticism with botanical realism giving the glass organic credibility.

Ann Wolff
1937-, Lubeck, Germany

Parallel to her works in glass, she finds her way and time which shares the intense emotional images and her sculptural forms are "expressive, intimate, lyrical and heroic".

Jay Musler
1949-, USA

Jay has been recognized as an innovative force in the glass arts for decades, having twice been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Stanislav Libensky
1921-2002, Czech Republic
Spouse: Jaroslava Brychtova
1924-, Czech Republic

Their works are included in many major modern art collections.

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Artist/Founder Loretta H. Yang leads a team of experienced artisans to create arts that honor the richness of cultural heritage and value.

Step No. 1: Design and sculpting


Step 2 of the process involves coating our original clay sculpture in silicone. Layer after layer (3 to 7 layers) is fastidiously coated to produce a negative mold, a crucial step in capturing the prevision of the sculpture. Each layer must dry completely before additional layer is applied, thickness must be uniform to prevent leakage of wax. Once complete, the clay is removed to reveal a negative silicone mold.

Step No. 2: Silicone molding


Pour molten wax into the negative silicone mold.

Step No. 3: Infusion of molten wax. Fill wax into a negative mold.


Once wax has solidified and cooled, release the wax form by carefully peeling back the silicone mold. Like a butterfly molting, the silicon is shed to reveal a positive wax form.

Step No. 4: Shedding of silicon mold to obtain the wax form


A careful refinement of the wax sculpture. Because every microinch and subtlety plays its own role in the grand scheme of beauty. Our artists refine the wax mold to its final perfection.

Step No. 5: Wax form refinement; removing imperfections


The wax mold is placed on a wooden plank in a metal container and plaster is poured and solidified. Embedding wax form with fire-resistant plaster.

Step No. 6: Coating the wax sculpture with plaster to form a refractory mold


Wax is steamed out of the plaster under high heat yielding a negative plaster mold.

Step No. 7: Removal of wax with steam—the essence of the “lost-wax” process


Liuli ingredients are created through unique firing and processing of glass. Color and size appropriate pieces are placed within the plaster and fired.

Step No 8: Choosing color; kiln firing


Fire and melt. Under intense heat, a new vision of transparency and clarity is born.

Step No. 9: Re-firing at 1,400 degrees Celsius


Extreme patience and care are necessary when removing the plaster to prevent damage.

Step No. 10: Removal of plaster mold

When the art pieces emerge, our masters step in to carefully chip away the plaster mold. Like excavating fragile archaeological relics, one false move and you're left with broken shards.


First comes die-cutting - smoothing the crystal down to the last microinch. Rough polish, removal of excess support, refinement and fine surface polish with a high-speed fabric wheel.

Step No. 11: Retouching of details; burnishing and polishing

Our artist refines and re-polishes each and every detail yet again.


An etched number on the base of each piece indicates its limited edition and reminds us to never stop creating. After the engraving - an official LIULI artwork is born.

Step No.12: Final inspection; etching of serial number; packaging