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義昭千秋 [ 關羽, 關公 ] - 歷經十年才完成的創作



此尊為琉璃工房第一尊騎馬形象的關公。
創作這樣一個家喻戶曉的歷史人物,難度不僅僅是“像”,
還要體現“浩然正氣”,形神兼備。

此尊關公琉璃工房歷經10多年來回反覆在設計及原型雕塑上的努力,
經過多次在製程上的實驗, 試燒以及顏色的表現,
終於在2014年,藝術總監楊惠姍點頭同意,
讓此件作品能夠在馬年第三季推出心賞卡典藏作品。

創意說明文

  • 關公在華人文化中是一個家喻戶曉的形象,深入民心。他的典故被世代傳頌,經歷了由人而王,由王而神,再由神而聖的過程。
  • 關公在整個華人世界,廣受推崇,進而變成信仰,是因為他的“忠義仁勇”至今已演變成一種精神象徵。忠誠、氣節,激揚人間之義,凝聚成一種無堅不摧的力量,是重情重諾的象徵。
  • “義昭千秋”以叱吒風雲的武關公為藍本進行創作,關公立馬橫刀,雄姿英發。騎馬形象的關公是琉璃工房歷史上第一次,此款作品尺寸也為歷代關公中最大,並結合了金屬關刀的多材質結合的創作品。
  • 關公面如重棗,身披戰袍鎧甲,腳蹬皂靴,左手持長髯,右手提青龍偃月刀,胯下赤兔四蹄飛揚,騰於祥雲之上,威風凜凜。
  • 關公面部神情的塑造,極具文人寫實風的雕塑表現。鎧甲和赤兔則用寫實手法表現,力求逼真和細節雕琢。關公的臉部神情,左手攬鬍,右手持刀,以及與馬的動態關係,讓整件作品栩栩如生。
  • 關公飄逸的披風,赤兔飛揚的馬鬃,使整件作品極富動感和神韻。馬下雲朵的表現,似雲似花,有馬踏步步,步步生輝的吉祥寓意。
  • 此尊關公的佩刀,使用複合媒材製作。鑲嵌鋯石的鍍金關刀,襯得整件作品熠熠生輝。關刀也暗藏玄機,僅以力學結構為支點,不借助外力固定。

附註:

關於赤兔馬的傳說很多,赤兔馬的第一位主人雖不是關羽,
但是它卻因此而聞名,不僅僅因為赤兔是一匹良駒寶馬。
據《三國演義》中的描述,赤兔原為呂布的坐騎,神駿異常,
後來成為曹操的戰利品,又被賞賜給關羽,
此後赤兔馬就跟著關公南征北戰,立下赫赫戰功。
關羽敗走麥城後,赤兔馬思念舊主,鬱鬱而死。
後人稱歎:關公愛赤兔,赤兔識英雄,人馬情深,是忠臣義馬典範。
關公與赤兔的故事,被代代相傳,不僅因為關公是“忠義仁勇”的典範
而赤兔強健體格與奔放姿態下,展現的與人性接近的“忠”的特質。

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Artist/Founder Loretta H. Yang leads a team of experienced artisans to create arts that honor the richness of cultural heritage and value.

Step No. 1: Design and sculpting

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Step 2 of the process involves coating our original clay sculpture in silicone. Layer after layer (3 to 7 layers) is fastidiously coated to produce a negative mold, a crucial step in capturing the prevision of the sculpture. Each layer must dry completely before additional layer is applied, thickness must be uniform to prevent leakage of wax. Once complete, the clay is removed to reveal a negative silicone mold.

Step No. 2: Silicone molding

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Pour molten wax into the negative silicone mold.

Step No. 3: Infusion of molten wax. Fill wax into a negative mold.

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Once wax has solidified and cooled, release the wax form by carefully peeling back the silicone mold. Like a butterfly molting, the silicon is shed to reveal a positive wax form.

Step No. 4: Shedding of silicon mold to obtain the wax form

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A careful refinement of the wax sculpture. Because every microinch and subtlety plays its own role in the grand scheme of beauty. Our artists refine the wax mold to its final perfection.

Step No. 5: Wax form refinement; removing imperfections

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The wax mold is placed on a wooden plank in a metal container and plaster is poured and solidified. Embedding wax form with fire-resistant plaster.

Step No. 6: Coating the wax sculpture with plaster to form a refractory mold

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Wax is steamed out of the plaster under high heat yielding a negative plaster mold.

Step No. 7: Removal of wax with steam—the essence of the “lost-wax” process

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Liuli ingredients are created through unique firing and processing of glass. Color and size appropriate pieces are placed within the plaster and fired.

Step No 8: Choosing color; kiln firing

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Fire and melt. Under intense heat, a new vision of transparency and clarity is born.

Step No. 9: Re-firing at 1,400 degrees Celsius

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Extreme patience and care are necessary when removing the plaster to prevent damage.

Step No. 10: Removal of plaster mold

When the art pieces emerge, our masters step in to carefully chip away the plaster mold. Like excavating fragile archaeological relics, one false move and you're left with broken shards.

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First comes die-cutting - smoothing the crystal down to the last microinch. Rough polish, removal of excess support, refinement and fine surface polish with a high-speed fabric wheel.

Step No. 11: Retouching of details; burnishing and polishing

Our artist refines and re-polishes each and every detail yet again.

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An etched number on the base of each piece indicates its limited edition and reminds us to never stop creating. After the engraving - an official LIULI artwork is born.

Step No.12: Final inspection; etching of serial number; packaging