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Righteous One (GuanYu, GuanGong) - 10 Years In The Making

This is LIULIGONGFANG’s first sculpture of General Guan Yu riding a horse. In creating the image of this historical figuring, the difficulty lay not only in capturing his appearance, but in capturing his majestic and righteous form and spirit.

The design of this sculpture is 10 years in the making. Through countless processing experiments, firings and color expressions, we finally created a General Guan that LIULIGONGFANG Creative Director Loretta H. Yang approved of.

Design Concept

Awe-inspiring with a deep red face, a body cloaked in armor, feet encased in black-boots, left hand stroking a long beard, right hand clutching the Green Dragon Crescent Blade and riding a galloping horse straight up to the heavens.

Purple is mixture of soothing, calm blue with boisterous, energetic red. Purple is associated with royalty. It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury, and ambition. It conveys wealth and extravagance. Purple is associated with wisdom, dignity, independence, creativity, mystery, and magic.

In Chinese culture, Guan Yu represents honor, righteousness, loyalty and strength. Guan Yu is held to have been a ferocious protector of the innocent and a defender of the righteous.


  • General Guan is a household name in Chinese culture and his influence runs deep. His story has been eulogized across the generations and his status has risen from man to king to deity to saint.
  • Revered across the Chinese world, General Guan’s recent elevated status is due to his embodiment of “loyalty, righteousness, benevolence and courage”. He has become a spiritual icon. Devoted, moral, dispersing righteousness in the world, General Guan is an unmovable force, a symbol of fierce emotion and honor.
  • Righteous One depicts General Guan in earth-shattering might. Wielding a sword upon a noble steed, he is powerful and heroic. This is the first time LIULIGONGFANG has rendered General Guan upon a horse and is the LIULIGONGFANG’s largest General Guan to date. The design incorporates a metal sword and other materials in the construction.
  • General Guan’s visage is sculpted according to literary reference while his Armour and horse Red Hare are sculpted in realist detail. These elements combined with one hand on his beard, the other on his knife and his union with his horse, make for a vivid and representational sculpture.
  • General Guan’s billowing cape and Red Hare’s airborne tail give the sculpture movement. Flowers like clouds adorn the horse, symbolic of ascent and fortune.
  • The cubic zirconia inlaid gold-plated sword wielded by General Guan is constructed according to material demands and illuminates the sculpture as a whole.

Read More About General GuanGong: GuanGong in Wikipedia, GuanGong Culture


Artist/Founder Loretta H. Yang leads a team of experienced artisans to create arts that honor the richness of cultural heritage and value.

Step No. 1: Design and sculpting


Step 2 of the process involves coating our original clay sculpture in silicone. Layer after layer (3 to 7 layers) is fastidiously coated to produce a negative mold, a crucial step in capturing the prevision of the sculpture. Each layer must dry completely before additional layer is applied, thickness must be uniform to prevent leakage of wax. Once complete, the clay is removed to reveal a negative silicone mold.

Step No. 2: Silicone molding


Pour molten wax into the negative silicone mold.

Step No. 3: Infusion of molten wax. Fill wax into a negative mold.


Once wax has solidified and cooled, release the wax form by carefully peeling back the silicone mold. Like a butterfly molting, the silicon is shed to reveal a positive wax form.

Step No. 4: Shedding of silicon mold to obtain the wax form


A careful refinement of the wax sculpture. Because every microinch and subtlety plays its own role in the grand scheme of beauty. Our artists refine the wax mold to its final perfection.

Step No. 5: Wax form refinement; removing imperfections


The wax mold is placed on a wooden plank in a metal container and plaster is poured and solidified. Embedding wax form with fire-resistant plaster.

Step No. 6: Coating the wax sculpture with plaster to form a refractory mold


Wax is steamed out of the plaster under high heat yielding a negative plaster mold.

Step No. 7: Removal of wax with steam—the essence of the “lost-wax” process


Liuli ingredients are created through unique firing and processing of glass. Color and size appropriate pieces are placed within the plaster and fired.

Step No 8: Choosing color; kiln firing


Fire and melt. Under intense heat, a new vision of transparency and clarity is born.

Step No. 9: Re-firing at 1,400 degrees Celsius


Extreme patience and care are necessary when removing the plaster to prevent damage.

Step No. 10: Removal of plaster mold

When the art pieces emerge, our masters step in to carefully chip away the plaster mold. Like excavating fragile archaeological relics, one false move and you're left with broken shards.


First comes die-cutting - smoothing the crystal down to the last microinch. Rough polish, removal of excess support, refinement and fine surface polish with a high-speed fabric wheel.

Step No. 11: Retouching of details; burnishing and polishing

Our artist refines and re-polishes each and every detail yet again.


An etched number on the base of each piece indicates its limited edition and reminds us to never stop creating. After the engraving - an official LIULI artwork is born.

Step No.12: Final inspection; etching of serial number; packaging